Jonathan Winawer
Assistant Professor of Psychology and Neural Science
Cognition & Perception
Winawer Lab Homepage



How does the biology of the visual pathways enable and limit visual perception?
One component of my research addresses questions about how visual stimuli are encoded in the visual pathways, and in turn how the encoding process relates to visual perception.  I work on computational models of visually driven signals measured with several instruments, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) electroencephalography (EEG), and electrocorticography (ECoG), as well as behavior (psychophysics). We ask this question: given a description of a visual stimulus, can we predict the response measured at different points in the visual pathways? To do so requires a model of computations that are performed by the visual pathways.  By building better models, we can begin to answer questions like, how does the visual system integrate inputs that are spread out over space and time? How do these computations determine what we can (and cannot) see? How does damage to the visual pathways limit and affect vision? What are the circuit properties that give rise to the fMRI and EEG signals in the visual cortex?

How does perceptual memory affect cognition and perception?
A second topic I investigate is how perceptual memory affects judgments. How do both recent and long-term perceptual memories change the way things look and the way one makes perceptual decisions? Current projects in collaboration with researchers at NYU and Stanford are examining how perceptual adaptation (recent experience) and exposure to certain kinds of environmental stimuli in childhood (long-term memory) affect judgments of visual stimuli.

Visual Illusions


Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007
M.S., City College of the City University of New York, 2005
A.B., Columbia College of Columbia University, 1995

Assistant Professor of Psychology, New York University, 2013 – present
Social Science Research Associate, Stanford University, 2012 – 2013
Postdoctoral fellow, Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 2007 – 2012
Research Assistant, City College of New York, 1997 – 1999


Selected Publications

All publications

Winawer J, Parvizi J. Linking Electrical Stimulation of Human Primary Visual Cortex, Size of Affected Cortical Area, Neuronal Responses, and Subjective Experience. Neuron. 2016. 92:1213-1219. PMID: 27939584. PMCID: PMC5182175 .

Winawer J, Kay KN, Foster BL, Rauschecker AM, Parvizi J, Wandell BA. Asynchronous Broadband Signals Are the Principal Source of the Bold Response in Human Visual Cortex. Current Biology. 2013. PMID: 23770184.  PMCID: 3710543.

Kay KN, Winawer J, Rokem A, Mezer A, Wandell BA. A Two-Stage Cascade Model of Bold Responses in Human Visual Cortex. PLoS computational biology. 2013;9(5):e1003079. PMID: 23737741.  PMCID: 3667759.

Witthoft N, Winawer J. Learning, Memory, and Synesthesia. Psychological Science. 2013;24(3):258-65. PMID: 23307940.  PMCID: 3648671.

Kay K, Winawer J, Mezer A, Wandell BA. Compressive Spatial Summation in Human Visual Cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2013. PMID: 23615546.  PMCID: In Process.

Horiguchi H, Winawer J, Dougherty RF, Wandell BA. Human Trichromacy Revisited. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013;110(3):E260-9. PMID: 23256158.  PMCID: 3549098.

Haak KV, Winawer J, Harvey BM, Renken R, Dumoulin SO, Wandell BA, Cornelissen FW. Connective Field Modeling. Neuroimage. 2012;66C:376-84. PMID: 23110879.  PMCID: 3769486.

Wandell BA, Winawer J. Imaging Retinotopic Maps in the Human Brain. Vision Research. 2011;51(7):718-37. PMID: 20692278.  PMCID: 3030662.

Winawer J, Huk AC, Boroditsky L. A Motion Aftereffect from Visual Imagery of Motion. Cognition. 2010;114(2):276-84. PMID: 19853246.

Winawer J, Horiguchi H, Sayres RA, Amano K, Wandell BA. Mapping Hv4 and Ventral Occipital Cortex: The Venous Eclipse. Journal of vision. 2010;10(5):1. PMID: 20616143.  PMCID: 3033222.

Winawer J, Huk AC, Boroditsky L. A Motion Aftereffect from Still Photographs Depicting Motion. Psychological Science. 2008;19(3):276-83. PMID: 18315801.

Anderson BL, Winawer J. Layered Image Representations and the Computation of Surface Lightness. Journal of vision. 2008;8(7):18 1-22. PMID: 19146251.

Witthoft N, Winawer J. Synesthetic Colors Determined by Having Colored Refrigerator Magnets in Childhood. Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior. 2006;42(2):175-83. PMID: 16683491.

Anderson BL, Winawer J. Image Segmentation and Lightness Perception. Nature. 2005;434(7029):79-83. PMID: 15744303.

Wallman J, Winawer J. Homeostasis of Eye Growth and the Question of Myopia. Neuron. 2004;43(4):447-68. PMID: 15312645.



Jonathan Winawer
Department of Psychology
New York University
6 Washington Place, Room 960
New York, NY 10003
Phone: 212-998-7922

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