Professor of Psychology
How can we learn about the causes and modifiers of human
suffering when strong experimental methods are not ethical
or feasible? One approach is to collect systematic
observational data, and to attempt to identify structural
relations among the variables. This approach is greatly
aided by the development of sophisticated multivariate
methods that allow variables to be controlled
statistically in mathematical models of the human
suffering and coping. However, such models are never
perfect. They need constant scrutiny, critical appraisal,
and further development. My research is on the interface
of developing methodology and substantive psychological
questions in social psychology, specifically social
support in intimate relationships.
My methodology research has been primarily in
psychometrics, sampling, and multilevel models for
analysis of growth and change. Current interests include
the design of longitudinal studies, regression and
difference score adjustment and mediation analysis. I am
also particularly interested in statistical approaches to
studies of dependent processes in social relationships.
Finally, I am interested in the social psychology of
response effects in surveys.
My current social psychology research is on coping and
support processes that are available to stressed persons
who have intimate relationships. We are trying to
understand why well intended support efforts by intimate
partners sometimes have short term negative
consequences. I retain interests in mental health
epidemiology, particularly as applied to Latino
I am a past President of the American
Psychopathological Association, and I organized the
meeting around the theme of "Causal thinking and
psychopathology research". I am also past President
of the Society of
Multivariate Experimental Psychology, a small
research society that publishes the journal, Multivariate
At NYU I run the NYU Couples
Research Lab in the Social Psychology area. We are
carrying out a series of studies of the costs and benefits
of social support during stressful times, conflict
resolution & goal regulation within intimate couples,
conceptions of the couple as a higher order entity, and
the role of sexual intimacy in maintaining
relationships. We are pursuing both substantive and
methodological research questions with these data.
Our lab collaborates with the lab of Niall
Bolger at Columbia University.
- A.B. St Louis (Philosophy) 1972
- Ph.D. Chicago (Quantitative Psychology) 1976
Representative Methodologic Publications
Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass
correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological
Bulletin, 86, 420-428.
Shrout, P. E., & Newman, S. (1989). Design of
two-phase prevalence surveys of rare disorders. Biometrics,
Shrout, P. E., & Parides, M. (1992). Conventional
factor analysis as an approximation to latent trait models
for dichotomous data. International Journal of
Methods in Psychiatric Research, 2: 55-65.
Shrout, P. E. (1998). Measurement reliability and
agreement in psychiatry. Statistical Methods in
Medical Research, 7, 301-317.
Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in
experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures
and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7(4),
Cranford, J. A., Shrout, P. E., Iida, M., Rafaeli, E.,
Yip, T., & Bolger, N. (2006). A procedure for
evaluating sensitivity to within-person change: Can mood
measures in diary studies detect change reliably? Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin, 32(7), 917-929.
Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2007). Accounting for
statistical dependency in longitudinal data on
Dyads. In Little, T. D., Bovaird, J. A. & Card,
N. A. (Eds.). Modeling
ecological and contextual effects in longitudinal
studies of human development (pp. 285-298).
Mahwah, NJ: LEA.
Shrout, P.E., Alegria, M., Canino, G., Guarnaccia, P.,
Vega, W.A., Duan, N., & Cao, Z. (2008). Testing
language effects in psychiatric epidemiology surveys with
randomized experiments: Results from NLAAS. American Journal of
Epidemiology, 168(3), 345-352.
Shrout, P. E., & Napier, J. L. (2011). Analyzing
survey data with complex sampling designs. In K. H.
Trzesniewski, M. B. Donnellan & R. E. Lucas (Eds.), Secondary data analysis: An
introduction for psychologists. (pp. 63-81).
Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
Ledgerwood, A., & Shrout, P. E. (2011). The trade-off
between accuracy and precision in latent variable models
of mediation processes. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology,
Shrout, P.E. & Yip-Bannicq, M. (2017). Inferences
about competing measures based on patterns of binary
significance tests are questionable. Psychological
Methods. 22(1), 84-93.
Shrout, P.E., Stadler, G., Lane, S.P., McClure, M.J.,
Jackson, G.L., Clavél, F. D., Iida, M., Gleason, M.E.J.,
Xu, J.H. & Bolger, N. (2017). Initial elevation bias
in subjective reports. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences. Doi/10.1073/pnas.1712277115
Iida, M., Seidman, G., & Shrout, P. E. (2018; online
2017). Models of interdependent individuals and dyadic
process in relationship research. Journal of Social and
Personal Relationships, 35(1), 59-88.
Shrout, P. E. & Rodgers, J. L. (2018). Psychology,
science, and knowledge construction: Broadening
perspectives from the replication crisis. Annual Review of
Psychology. Volume 69.
Representative Substantive Publications
Shrout, P. E., Link, B. G., Dohrenwend, B. P., Skodol,
A. E., Stueve, A., & Mirotznik, J. (1989).
Characterizing life events as risk factors for depression:
The role of fateful loss events. Journal of Abnormal
Psychology, 98, 460-467.
Dohrenwend, B. P., Levav, I., Shrout, P. E., Schwartz, S.,
Naveh, G., Link, B. G., Skodal, A. E., & Stueve, A.
(1992). Socioeconomic status and psychiatric disorders: A
test of the social causation-social selection issue. Science,
Canino, G., Shrout, P.E., Alegria, M., Rubio Stipec, M.,
Chavez, L., Ribera, J., Bravo, M., Bauermeister, J. J.,
Fabregas, L., Horwath, S., & Martinez-Taboas, A.
(2002). Methodological challenges in assessing children's
mental health services utilization. Mental
Health Services Research, 4(2), 97-107.
Kennedy, J.K., Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2002).
Witnessing interparental psychological aggression in
childhood: Implications for daily conflict in adult
intimate relationships. Journal of Personality,
Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E.
(2003). Daily supportive equity in close relationships. Personality
and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(6), 1036-1045.
Canino, G., Shrout, P.E., Rubio-Stipec, M., Bird, H.R.,
Bravo,M., Ramírez, R., Chavez,L., Alegría, M.,
Bauermeister, J.J., Hohmann, A., Ribera,J., García, P.,
Martínez-Taboas, A . (2004) DSM-IV Rates of Child and
Adolescent Disorders in Puerto Rico: Prevalence,
Correlates, Service Use and the Effects of Impairment. Archives
of General Psychiatry, 61(1), 85-93.
Seidman, G., Shrout, P. E. & Bolger, N. (2006).
Why is Enacted Social Support Associated with Increased
Distress? Using Simulation to Test Two Possible Sources of
and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(1): 52-65.
Bird, H. R., Shrout, P. E., Davies, M., Canino, G.,
Duarte, C. S., & Shen, S. et al. (2007). Longitudinal
development of antisocial behaviors in young and early
adolescent Puerto Rican children at two sites. Journal of the American
Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,
Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger,
N. (2008). Receiving support as a mixed blessing: Evidence
for dual effects of support on psychological
of Personality and Social Psychology, 94,
Iida, M., Seidman, G., Shrout, P.E., Fujita, K. &
Bolger, N. (2008). Modeling support provision in
intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
Shrout, P.E., Bolger, N., Iida, M., Burke, C., Gleason,
M.E.J., & Lane, S.P. (2010). The Effects of Daily
Support Transactions During Acute Stress: Results From a
Diary Study of Bar Exam Preparation. In K. T.
Sullivan and J. Davila (Eds.), Support Processes in Intimate Relationships
(pp. 175-199), New York: Oxford University Press.
Kappes, H. B., & Shrout, P. E. (2011). When goal
sharing produces support that is not caring. Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin, 37(5), 662-673.
McClure, M.J., Xu, J.H., Craw, J.P., Lane, S.P., Bolger,
N. & Shrout, P.E. (2014). Understanding the costs of
support transactions in daily life. Journal of
Personality, 82:6, 563–574.
Inauen, J., Shrout, P.E., Bolger, N., Stadler, G. &
Scholz, U. (2016). Mind the Gap? An Intensive Longitudinal
Study of Between-Person and Within-Person
Intention-Behavior Relations. Annals of Behavioral
Medicine, 50, 516–522.
Berli, C., Stadler, G., Shrout, P.E., Bolger, N. &
Scholz, U. (2017 online). Mediators of physical activity
adherence: Results from an action control intervention in
couples. Annals of Behavioral Medicine.
Iida, M., Gleason, M., Green-Rapaport, A. S., Bolger, N.,
& Shrout, P. E. (2017). The Influence of Daily Coping
on Anxiety Under Examination Stress: A Model of
Interindividual Differences in Intraindividual Change.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(7),
Inauen, J., Bolger, N., Shrout, P. E., Stadler, G.,
Amrein, M., Rackow, P., & Scholz, U. (2017). Using
Smartphone‐Based Support Groups to Promote Healthy Eating
in Daily Life: A Randomised Trial. Applied Psychology:
Health and Well‐Being, 9(3), 303-323.
Full CV is available as PDF Document.
I teach doctoral courses, Intermediate Statistics,
Advanced Regression Models, Analysis of Change, and
Patrick E. Shrout
Professor of Psychology
Department of Psychology
New York University
6 Washington Place, Room 524
New York, NY 10003
back to the top