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Selected Papers:

FeldmanHall, O., Glimcher, P., Baker, A.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Emotion and decision-making under uncertainty: Physiological arousal predicts increased gambling during ambiguity but not risk.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, [E-pub ahead of print]. [Abstract].

Goldfarb, E.V., Frobose, M.I., Cools, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Stress and cognitive flexibility: Cortisol increases are associated with enhanced updating but impaired switching.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, [E-pub ahead of print]. [Abstract].

Hermans, E.J., Kanen, J.W., Tambini, A., Fernandez, G., Davachi, L. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Persistence of amygdala-hippocampal connectivity and multi-voxel correlation structures during awake rest after fear learning predicts long-term expression of fear.
Cerebral Cortex, [E-pub ahead of print]. [Abstract].

Kroes, M.C.W., Schiller, D., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Translational approaches targeting reconsolidation.
Current Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience, 28, 197-230. [Abstract].

Atlas, L.Y., Doll, B.B., Li, J., Daw, N.D. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Instructed knowledge shapes feedback-driven aversive learning in striatum and orbitofrontal cortex, but not the amygdala.
eLife, 5. [Abstract].

Dunsmoor, J.E., Kubota, J.T., Li, J., Coelho, C.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Racial stereotypes impair flexibility of emotional learning.
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1363-73. [Abstract].

Murty, V.P., FeldmanHall, O., Hunter, L.E., Phelps, E.A. & Davachi, L. (2016).
Episodic memories predict adaptive value-based decision-making.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 155, 548-58. [Abstract].

Hirst, W. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Flashbulb memories.
Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 36-41. [Abstract].

Rimmele, U., Lackovic, S.F., Tobe, R.H., Leventhal, B.L & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Beta-adrenergic blockade at memory encoding, but not retrieval, decreases the subjective sense of recollection.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28, 895-907. [Abstract].

Gillan, C.M., Kosinski, M., Whelan, R., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2016).
Characterizing a psychiatric symptom dimension related to deficits in goal-directed control.
eLife, 5. [Abstract].

Lempert, K.M., Johnson, E. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Emotional arousal predicts intertemporal choice.
Emotion, 16, 647-56. [Abstract].

Goldfarb, E.V., Chun, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
Memory-guided attention: Independent contributions of the hippocampus and striatum.
Neuron, 89, 317-24. [Abstract].

Lempert, K.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).
The malleability of intertemporal choice.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20, 64-74. [Abstract].

FeldmanHall, O., Raio, C.M., Kubota, J.T., Seiler, M.G. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
The effects of social context and acute stress on decision making under uncertainty.
Psychological Science, 26, 1918-26. [Abstract].

Coelho, C.A, Dunsmoor, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
Compound stimulus extinction reduces spontaneous recovery in humans.
Learning and Memory, 22, 583-93. [Abstract].

Dunsmoor, J.E., Niv, Y., Daw, N. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
Rethinking extinction.
Neuron, 88, 47-63. [Abstract].

Sokol-Hessner, P., Lackovic, S.F., Tobe, R.H., Camerer, C.F., Leventhal, B.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
Determinants of propranolol's selective effect on loss aversion.
Psychological Science, 26, 1123-30. [Abstract].

Gillan, C.M., Otto, A.R., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2015).
Model-based learning protects against forming habits.
Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 523-36. [Abstract].

Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
Observational Fear Learning.
In A.W. Toga, (Ed.), Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference. Academic Press: Elsevier. pp. 137-141.

Hirst, W., Phelps, E.A., Meksin, R., Vaidya, C.J., Johnson, M.K., Mitchell, K.J., Buckner, R.L., Budson, A.E., Gabrieli, J.D., Lustig, C., Mather, M., Ochsner, K.N., Schacter, D., Simons, J.S., Lyle, K.B., Cuc, A.F. & Olsson, A. (2015).
A ten-year follow-up of a study of memory for the attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb memories and memories for flashbulb events.
Journal of Experimental of Psychology: General, 144, 604-23. [Abstract].

Dunsmoor, J., Murty, V., Davachi, L. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
Emotional learning selectively and retroactively strengthens memories for related events.
Nature, 520, 345-8. [Abstract].

Lempert, K.M., Glimcher, P.W. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
Emotional arousal and discount rate in intertemporal choice are reference dependent.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, 366-73. [Abstract].

Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
The influence of acute stress on the regulation of conditioned fear.
Neurobiology of Stress, 1, 134-156. [Abstract]

Kubota, J.T., Li, J., Bar-David, E., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2015).
All claims in the original article hold as stated: A response to Arkes (2015).
Psychological Science, 26, 246-8.

Dunsmoor, J.E., Campese, V.D., Ceceli, A.O., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Novelty-facilitated extinction: Providing a novel outcome in place of an expected threat diminishes recovery of defensive responses.
Biological Psychiatry, (e-pub ahead of print). [Abstract].

Hartley, C.A., Moscarello, J.M., Quirk, G.J. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
The cognitive neuroscience of fear and its control: From animal models to human experience.
In M.S. Gazzaniga & G.R. Mangun (Eds.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 5th ed. Cambridge: MIT Press (697-708).

FeldmanHall, O., Sokol-Hessner, P., Van Bavel, J. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Fairness violations elicit greater punishment on behalf of another than for oneself.
Nature Communications, 5, Article number:5306. [Abstract]

Kubota, J.T., Mojdehbakhsh, R., Raio, C., Brosch, T., Uleman, J.S. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Stressing the person: Legal and everyday person attributions under stress.
Biological Psychology, 103, 117-24. [Abstract]

Steinfurth, E.C., Kanen, J.W., Raio, C.M., Clem, R.L., Huganir, R.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Young and old Pavlovian fear memories can be modified with extinction training during reconsolidation in humans.
Learning & Memory, 21, 338-41. [Abstract]

Sokol-Hessner, P., Hartley, C.A., Hamilton, J.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Interoceptive ability predicts aversion to losses.
Cognition & Emotion, 11, 1-7. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Lempert, K.M. & Sokol-Hessner, P. (2014).
Emotion and Decision Making: Multiple Modulatory Neural Circuits.
Annual Review of Neuroscience, 13, 263-287. [Abstract]

Steinfurth, E.C., Kanen, J.W., Raio, C.M., Clem, R.L., Huganir, R.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Young and old Pavlovian fear memories can be modified with extinction training during reconsolidation in humans.
Learning & Memory, 21, 338-341. [Abstract]

Farah, M.J., Hutchinson, J.B., Phelps, E.A. & Wagner, A.D. (2014).
Functional MRI-based lie detection: scientific and societal challenges.
Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 15, 123-131. [Abstract]

Apergis-Schoute, A.M., Schiller, D., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Extinction resistant changes in the human auditory association cortex following threat learning.
Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 113, 109-114. [Abstract]

Raio, C.M., Brigoni-Perez, E., Goldman, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Acute stress impairs the retrieval of extinction memory in humans.
Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 112, 212-221. [Abstract]

Hartley, C.A., Gorun, A., Reddan, M.C., Ramirez, F. & Phelps, E.A. (2013).
Stressor controllability modulates fear extinction in humans.
Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 113, 149-156. [Abstract]

Otto, A.R., Raio, C.M., Chiang, A., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2013).
Working-memory capacity protects model-based learning from stress.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 20941-6. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Kanen, J.W., LeDoux, J.E., Monfils, M.H. & Phelps, E.A. (2013).
Extinction during reconsolidation of threat memory diminishes prefrontal cortex involvement.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 20040-5. [Abstract]

Kubota, J.T., Li, J., Bar-David, E., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2013).
The price of racial bias: intergroup negotiations in the ultimatum game.
Psychological Science, 24(12), 2498-2504. [Abstract]

Raio, C.M., Orederu, T.A., Palazzolo, L., Shurick, A.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2013).
Cognitive emotion regulation fails the stress test.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 15139-44. [Abstract]

Brosch, T., Schiller, D., Mojdehbakhsh, R., Uleman, J. & Phelps, E.A. (2013).
Neural mechanisms underlying the integration of situational information into attribution outcomes.
Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8, 640-6. [Abstract]

Brosch, T., Bar-David, E. & Phelps, E.A. (2013).
Implicit race bias decreases the similarity of neural representations of black and white faces.
Psychological Science, 24, 160-6. [Abstract]

Ferneyhough, E., Kim, M.K., Phelps, E.A. & Carrasco, M. (2013).
Anxiety modulates the effects of emotion and attention on early vision.
Cognition & Emotion, 27, 166-76.[Abstract]

Schiller, D., Raio, C. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Extinction training during the reconsolidation window prevents recovery of fear.
Journal of Visualized Experiments, 66, e3893.[Abstract]

Shurick, A.A., Hamilton, J.R., Harris, L.T., Roy, A.K., Gross, J.J. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Durable effects of cognitive restructuring on constructed fear.
Emotion, 12, 1393-7.[Abstract]

Kubota, J.T., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
The neuroscience of race.
Nature Neuroscience, 15, 940-8. [Abstract]

Raio*, C.M., Carmel*, D., Carrasco, M. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Nonconscious fear is quickly acquired but swiftly forgotten.
Current Biology, 22, R477-9. [Abstract]
* = equal contribution

Rimmele, U., Davachi, L. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Memory for time and place contributes to enhanced confidence in memories for emotional events.
Emotion, 12, 834-46. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Emotion and Memory.
In L. Nadel & W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Eds.), Memory and Law. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hartley, C.A., McKenna, M.C., Salman, R., Holmes, A., Casey, B.J., Phelps, E.A. & Glatt, C.E. (2012).
Serotonin transporter polyadenylation polymorphism modulates the retention of fear extinction memory.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 5493-8. [Abstract]

Hartley, C.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Anxiety and decision-making.
Biological Psychiatry, 72, 113-8. [Abstract]

Sokol-Hessner, P., Camerer, C.F. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Emotion regulation reduces loss aversion and decreases amygdala responses to losses.
Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8(3), 341-50. [Abstract]

Stanley, D.A., Sokol-Hessner, P., Fareri, D.S., Perino, M.T., Delgado, M.R., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2012).
Race and reputation: perceived racial group trustworthiness influences the neural correlates of trust decisions.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Biological Sciences, 367, 744-53. [Abstract]

Phelps E.A. & Sokol-Hessner P. (2011).
Social and emotional factors in decision-making: appraisal and value.
In R.J. Dolan & T. Sharot (Eds.), Neuroscience of Preference and Choice: Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms. London: Academic Press.

Levens, S.M., Devinsky, O. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
Role of the left amygdala and right orbital frontal cortex in emotional interference resolution facilitation in working memory.
Neuropsychologia, 49, 3201-12. [Abstract]

Li, J., Schiller, D., Schoenbaum, G., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2011).
Differential roles of human striatum and amygdala in associative learning.
Nature Neuroscience, 14, 1250-2. [Abstract]

Stanley, D.A., Sokol-Hessner, P., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
Implicit race attitudes predict trustworthiness judgments and economic trust decisions.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 7710-15. [Abstract]

Rimmele, U., Davachi, L., Petrov, R., Dougal, S. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
Emotion enhances the subjective feeling of remembering, despite lower accuracy for contextual details.
Emotion, 11, 553-62. [Abstract]

Schiller, D. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
Does reconsolidation occur in humans?
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 5, 24. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Jou, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
Neural systems underlying aversive conditioning in humans with primary and secondary reinforcers.
Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience, 5, 71. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Phelps E.A. & Robbins, T.W. (2011).
Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII.
Oxford England: Oxford University Press.

Hartley, C.A., Fischl, B. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
Brain structure correlate of individual differences in the acquisition and inhibition of conditioned fear.
Cerebral Cortex, 21, 1954-62. [Abstract]

Li, J., Delgado, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2011).
How instructed knowledge modulates the neural systems of reward learning.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 108, 55-60. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Monfils, M.H., Raio, C. Johnson, D.C., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2010).
Fear memory blockade in humans using reconsolidation update mechanisms.
Nature, 463, 49-53. [Abstract]

Hartley, C.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2010).
Changing Fear: The neurocircuitry of emotion regulation.
Neuropsychopharmacology, 35, 136-46. [Abstract]

Reuter-Lorenz, P.A., Baynes, K., Mangun, G.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2010).
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga.
Cambridge Mass: MIT Press.

Miller, E.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2010).
Current Opinion in Neurobiology--Cognitive Neuroscience 2010.
Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 20, 141-2. [Abstract]

Ferneyhough, E., Stanley, D.A., Phelps, E.A. & Carrasco, M. (2010).
Cueing effects of faces are dependent on handedness and visual field.
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 529-35. [Abstract]

Levens, S.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2010).
Insula and orbital frontal cortex activity underlying emotion interference resolution in working memory.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 2790-803. [Abstract]

Whalen, P.J. & Phelps. E.A. (2009).
The Human Amygdala.
New York: Guilford Press.

Delgado, M.R., Jou, R.L., Ledoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2009).
Avoiding negative outcomes: Tracking the mechanisms of avoidance learning in humans during fear conditioning.
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 3, 1-9. [Abstract]

Sokol-Hessner, P., Hsu, M., Curley, N.G., Delgado, M.R., Camerer, C.F. & Phelps, E.A. (2009).
Thinking like a trader selectively reduces individuals' loss aversion.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 5035-40. [Abstract]

Bizzi, E., Hyman, S.E., Raichle, M.E., Kanwisher, N., Phelps, E.A., Morse, S.J., Sinnot-Armstrong, W., Rakoff, J.S. & Greely, H.T. (2009).
Using Imaging To Detect Deceit.
Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Hirst, W., Phelps, E.A., Buckner, R.L., Budson, A.E., Cuc, A., Gabrieli, J.D., Johnson, M.K., Lustig, C., Lyle, K.B., Mather, M., Meksin, R., Mitchell, K.J., Ochsner, K.N., Schacter, D.L., Simons, J.S. & Vaidya, C.J. (2009).
Long-term memory for the terrorist attack of September 11: flashbulb memories, event memories, and the factors that influence their retention.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 138, 161-76. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Freeman, J.B., Mitchell, J.P., Uleman, J.S. & Phelps, E.A. (2009).
A neural mechanism of first impressions.
Nature Neuroscience, 12, 508-14. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Delgado, M.R. (2009).
Emotion and Decision Making.
In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 4th ed. Cambridge: MIT Press (1093-1106).

Phelps, E.A. (2009).
The human amygdala and the control of fear.
In P.J. Whalen & E.A. Phelps (Eds.), The Human Amygdala. New York: Guilford Press (204-19).

Phelps, E.A. (2009).
Emotion's influence on attention and memory.
In L. Squire, T. Albright, F. Bloom, F. Gage & N. Spitzer (Eds.), New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Oxford: Elsevier (941-6).

Stanley, D.A., Ferneyhough, E. & Phelps, E.A. (2009).
Neural Perspectives on Emotion: Impact on Perception, Attention and Memory.
In G.G. Berntson & J.T. Cacciopo (Eds.), Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Delgado, M.R., Schotter, A., Ozbay, E.Y. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Understanding overbidding: Using the neural circuitry of reward to design economic auctions.
Science, 321, 1849-52. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Levy, I., Niv, Y., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
From fear to safety and back: Reversal of fear in the human brain.
Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 11517-25. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Nearing K.I., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Neural Circuitry Underlying the Regulation of Conditioned Fear and Its Relation to Extinction.
Neuron, 59, 829-38. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Li, J., Schiller, D. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
The role of the striatum in aversive learning and aversive prediction error.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Biological Sciences, 363, 3787-800. [Abstract]

Sharot, T.S., Davidson, M.L., Carson, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Eye movements predict recollective experience.
PLoS ONE, 3, 2884. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Sharot, T.S. (2008).
How (and why) emotion enhances the subjective sense of recollection.
Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 147-52. [Abstract]

Stanley, D., Phelps, E.A. & Banaji, M.R. (2008).
The neural basis of implicit attitudes.
Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 164-70. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Gillis, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Regulating the expectation of reward via cognitive strategies.
Nature Neuroscience, 11, 880-1. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Cain, C.K., Curley, N.G., Schwartz, J.S., Stern, S.A., Ledoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Evidence for recovery of fear following immediate extinction in rats and humans.
Learning & Memory, 15, 394-402. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2008).
The study of emotion in neuroeconomics.
In P.W. Glimcher, C.F. Camerer, E. Fehr & R.A. Poldrack (Eds.), Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain. New York: Academic Press.

Levens, S.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Emotion processing effects on interference resolution in working memory.
Emotion, 8, 267-80. [Abstract]

LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Emotional networks in the brain.
In M. Lewis, J. Haviland-Jones & L.F. Barrett (Eds.), Handbook of Emotion, 3rd ed. NY: Guilford (159-79).

Butler, T., Pan, H. Tuescher, O., Engelien, A., Goldstein, M., Epstein, J., Weisholz, D., Root, J., Protopoescu, X., Cunningham-Bussell, A., Chang, L., Xie, X., Phelps, E.A., LeDoux, J.E., Stern, E. & Silberswieg, D.A. (2007).
Human fear-related motor circuitry.
Neuroscience, 150, 1-7. [Abstract]

Sharot, T., Riccardi, A.M., Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Neural mechanisms mediating optimism bias.
Nature, 450, 102-5. [Abstract]

Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Social Learning of Fear.
Nature Neuroscience, 10, 1095-1102. [Abstract]

Dougal, S., Phelps, E.A. & Davachi, L. (2007).
The role of the medial temporal lobe in item recognition and source recollection for emotional stimuli.
Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 233-242. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Understanding learning: Specific challenges in merging the levels of analysis.
In H.L. Roediger, Y. Dudai & S.M. Fitzpatrick (Eds.), Science of Memory: Concepts. New York: Oxford University Press (45-48).

Ochsner, K.N. & Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Emerging perspectives on emotion-cognition interactions.
Trends in Cognitive Science, 11, 317-8. [Abstract]

Olsson, A., Nearing, K.I. & Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Learning fears by observing others: The neural systems of social fear transmission.
Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 2, 2-10. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2007).
The neuroscience of a person network.
American Journal of Bioethics, 7, 49-50. [Abstract]

Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Understanding social evaluations: What we can (and cannot) learn from neuroimaging.
In B. Wittenbrink & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Implicit Measures of Attitudes. New York: Guilford Press (159-75).

Sharot, T., Martorella, E.A., Delgado, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2007).
Remembering 9/11: How personal experience modulates the neural circuitry of recollection.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,104, 389-94. [Abstract]

Rauch, S.L., Shin, L.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2006).
Neurocircuitry models of posttraumatic stress disorder and extinction: Human neuroimaging research past, present and future.
Biological Psychiatry, 60, 376-383. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Labouliere, C.D. & Phelps, E.A. (2006).
Fear of losing money? Aversive conditioning with secondary reinforcers.
Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 1, 250-9. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2006).
Emotion and Cognition.
In E.E. Smith & S.M. Koslyn (Eds.), Cognitive Psychology: Mind and Brain. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall (pp. 325-363).

Phelps, E.A., Ling, S. & Carrasco, M. (2006).
Emotion facilitates perception and potentiates the perceptual benefit of attention.
Psychological Science, 17, 292-299. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2006).
Emotion, learning and the brain: From classical conditioning to cultural bias.
In P. Baltes, P.A. Reuter-Lorenz & F. Roesler (Eds.), Lifespan Development and the Brain: The Perspective of Biocultural Co-Constructivism. New York: Cambridge University Press (200-216).

Delgado, M.R., Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2006).
Extending animal models of fear conditioning to humans.
Biological Psychology, 73, 39-48. [Abstract]

Phelps E.A. & LaBar, K.S. (2006).
Emotion and social cognition: The role of the human amygdala.
In R. Cabeza & A. Kingstone (Eds.), Handbook on Functional Imaging of Cognition, vol. 2. Cambridge: MIT Press (421-454).

Phelps, E.A. (2006).
Emotion and cognition: Insights from studies of the human amygdala.
Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 27-53. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & LeDoux, J.E. (2005).
Neural systems underlying emotion behavior: From animal models to human function.
Neuron, 48, 175-87. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Frank, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2005).
Perception of moral character modulates the neural circuitry of reward during the trust game.
Nature Neuroscience, 8, 1611-8. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Banaji, M.R. (2005).
Animal models of human attitudes: Integrations across behavioral, cognitive, and social neuroscience.
In J.T. Cacioppo, P.S. Visser & C.L. Pickett (Eds.), Social Neuroscience: People Thinking about Thinking People. Cambridge: MIT Press (229-44).

Olsson, A., Ebert J.P., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2005).
The role of social group in the persistence of learned fear.
Science, 309, 785-7. [Abstract]

Lissek, S., Powers, A.S., Phelps, E.A., Grillon, C., Woldehawariat, G., McClure, E.B. & Pine, D.S. (2005).
Classical fear-conditioning in the anxiety disorders: A meta-analysis.
Behaviour Research & Therapy, 43, 1391-1424. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2005).
The interaction of emotion and cognition: Insights from studies of the human amygdala.
In L.F. Barrett, P. Niendathal & P. Winkielman (Eds.), Emotion and Consciousness. New York: Guilford Press (51-66).

Butler, T., Pan, H., Epstein, J., Protopopescu, X., Tuescher, O., Goldstein, M., Cloitre, M., Yand, Y., Phelps, E.A., Gorman, J., LeDoux, J., Stern, E. & Silbersweig, D. (2005).
Fear-related activity in the subgenual anterior cingulate differs between men and women.
NeuroReport, 16, 1233-36. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S. & Phelps, E.A. (2005).
Reinstatement of conditioned fear in humans is context-dependent and impaired in amnesia.
Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, 677-86. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Miller, M.M., Inati, S. & Phelps, E.A. (2005).
An fMRI study of reward-related probability learning.
NeuroImage, 24, 862-873. [Abstract]

Sharot, T., Delgado, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2004).
How emotion enhances the feeling of remembering.
Nature Neuroscience, 7, 1376-80. [Abstract]

Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2004).
Learned fear of unseen faces after Pavlovian, observational and instructed fear.
Psychological Science, 15, 822-28. [Abstract]

Sharot, T. & Phelps, E.A. (2004).
How arousal modulates memory: Disentangling the effects of attention and retention.
Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4, 294-306. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Delgado, M.R., Nearing, K.I. & LeDoux, J.E. (2004).
Extinction learning in humans: Role of the amygdala and vmPFC.
Neuron, 43, 897-905. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2004).
Interacting social minds.
Nature Neuroscience, 7, 897. [Book Review]

Phelps, E.A. (2004).
The human amygdala and awareness: Interactions between emotion and cognition.
In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 3rd ed, Cambridge: MIT Press.

Phelps, E.A. (2004).
The interaction of emotion and cognition: The relation between the amygdala and cognitive awareness.
In R. Hassan, J.S. Uleman & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), The New Unconscious, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford Press.

Phelps, E.A. (2004).
Human emotion and memory: Interactions of the amygdala and hippocampal complex.
Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 14, 198-202. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Thomas, L.A. (2003).
Race, behavior and the brain: The role of neuroimaging in understanding complex human behaviors.
Political Psychology, 24, 747-58. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Cannistraci, C.J. & Cunningham, W.A. (2003).
Intact performance on an indirect measure of race bias following amygdala damage.
Neuropsychologia, 41, 203-208. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2002).
Is the human amygdala critical for the subjective experience of emotion? Evidence of intact dispositional affect in patients with amygdala lesions.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 709-20. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2002).
The cognitive neuroscience of emotion.
In M.S. Gazzaniga, R.B. Ivry & G.R. Mangun (Eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of Mind 2nd ed. New York: Norton.

Phelps E.A. (2001).
Faces and races in the brain.
Nature Neuroscience, 4, 775-776 (News and Views). [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2001).
Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events.
Nature, 411, 305-309. [Abstract]

Phelps E.A., O'Connor, K.J., Gatenby, J.C., Grillon, C., Gore, J.C. & Davis, M. (2001).
Activation of the left amygdala to a cognitive representation of fear.
Nature Neuroscience, 4, 437-41. [Abstract]

Funayama, E.S., Grillon, C.G., Davis, M. & Phelps, E.A. (2001).
A double dissociation in the affective modulation of startle in humans: Effects of unilateral temporal lobectomy.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 721-29. [Abstract]

Yancey, S.W. & Phelps, E.A. (2001).
Functional neuroimaging and episodic memory: A review.
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, 23, 32-48. [Abstract]

Pine, D.S., Fyer, A., Grun, J., Phelps, E.A., Szeszko, P.R., Koda, V., Li, W., Ardekani, B., Macguire, E.A., Burgess, N. & Bilder, R.M. (2001).
Methods for developmental studies of fear conditioning circuitry.
Biological Psychiatry, 50, 225-28. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2000).
Perceiving emotion: More than meets the eye.
Current Biology, 10, R551-54. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., O'Connor, K.J., Cunningham, W.A., Funayama, E.S., Gatenby, J.C., Gore, J.C. & Banaji, M.R. (2000).
Performance on indirect measures of race evaluation predicts amygdala activity.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 729-38. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K., Fulbright, R.K., Spencer, D.D. & Phelps, E.A. (2000).
The representation of facial emotion in the anteromedial temporal lobe.
Neuropsychology, 14, 526-36. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2000).
Expression without recognition: Contributions of the human amygdala to emotional communication.
Psychological Science, 11, 106-11. [Abstract]

LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2000).
Emotion networks in the brain.
In M. Lewis & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of Emotion, 2nd ed. NY: Guilford Press (157-72).

Phelps, E.A. (1999).
Brain vs. Behavioral Studies in Cognition.
In R. Sternberg (Ed.), Nature of Cognition. Cambridge: MIT Press (295-322).

Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Hamann, S., Young, A.W., Calder, A.J., Phelps, E.A., Anderson, A., Lee, G.P. & Damasio, A.R. (1999).
Recognition of facial emotion in nine individuals with bilateral amygdala damage.
Neuropsychologia, 37, 1111-17. [Abstract]

Chun, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (1999).
Memory deficits for implicit contextual information in amnesic subjects with hippocampal damage.
Nature Neuroscience, 2, 844-47. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., LaBar, K.S., Anderson, A.K., O'Connor, K.J., Fulbright, R.K. & Spencer, D.D. (1998).
Specifying the contributions of the human amygdala to emotional memory: A case study.
Neurocase, 4, 527-40. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S., Gatenby, C., Gore, J.C., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (1998).
Human amygdala activation during conditioned fear acquisition and extinction: A mixed trial fMRI study.
Neuron, 20, 937-45. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (1998).
Intact recognition of vocal expressions of fear following bilateral lesions of the amygdala.
NeuroReport, 9, 3607-13. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S. & Phelps, E.A. (1998).
Arousal-mediated memory consolidation: Role of the medial temporal lobe in humans.
Psychological Science, 9, 490-93. [Abstract]

Parsons, L.M., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Phelps, E.A. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1998).
Cerebrally-lateralized mental representations of hand shape and movement.
Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 6539-48. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., LaBar, K.S. & Spencer, D.D. (1997).
Memory for emotional words following unilateral temporal lobectomy.
Brain & Cognition, 35, 85-109. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Anderson, A.K. (1997).
Emotional Memory: What does the amygdala do?
Current Biology, 7, 311-14. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Hyder, F., Blamire, A. & Shulman, R.G. (1997).
FMRI of the pre-frontal cortex during overt verbal fluency.
NeuroReport, 8, 561-65. [Abstract]

Hyder, F., Phelps, E.A., Wiggins, C.J., LaBar, K.S. & Shulman, R.G. (1997).
Willed action: An fMRI study of prefrontal cortex activation in a sensorimotor task.
Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, 94, 6989-94. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S., LeDoux, J.E., Spencer, D.D. & Phelps, E.A. (1995).
Impaired fear conditioning following unilateral temporal lobectomy in humans.
Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 6846-55. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Phillips, R.G. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1994).
Hippocampal function and relational processing.
In J. Delacour (Ed.), Memory and the Brain. London: World Scientific Publishing.

Tramo, M.J., Baynes, K., Fendrich, R., Mangun, G.R., Phelps, E.A., Reuter-Lorenz, P.A. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1994).
Hemispheric specialization and interhemispheric integration.
In A.G. Reeves & D.R. Roberts (Eds.), Epilepsy and the Corpus Callosum, 2nd ed. New York: Plenum Press.

Phelps, E.A. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1992).
Hemispheric differences in mnemonic processing: The effect of left hemisphere interpretation.
Neuropsychologia, 30, 293-97. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Hirst, W. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1991).
Deficits in recall following partial and complete commissurotomy.
Cerebral Cortex, 1, 492-98. [Abstract]

Hirst, W., Phelps, E.A. & Johnson, M.K. (1988).
Amnesia and second language learning.
Brain & Cognition, 8, 105-16. [Abstract]

Hirst, W., Johnson, M.K., Phelps, E.A. & Volpe, B.T. (1988).
More on recognition and recall.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 14, 758-62. [Abstract]

Bahrick, H.P. & Phelps, E.A. (1988).
Maintenance of marginal knowledge.
In U. Neisser & E. Winograd (Eds.), Remembering reconsidered: Ecological and traditional approaches to the study of memory. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bahrick, H.P. & Phelps, E.A. (1987).
Retention of Spanish vocabulary over 8 years.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 13, 149-56. [Abstract]

Hirst, W., Johnson, M.K., Kim, J.K., Phelps, E.A., Risse, G. & Volpe, B.T. (1986).
Recognition and recall in amnesics.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 12, 445-51. [Abstract]