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2016 and In Press

Hehman, E.A., Flake, J.K., & Freeman, J.B. (in press). The faces of group members share physical resemblance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Lick, D.J., Alter, A.L., & Freeman, J.B. (in press). Superior pattern detectors efficiently learn, activate, apply, and update social stereotypes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

Stolier, R.M. & Freeman, J.B. (in press). A neural mechanism of social categorization. Journal of Neuroscience.

Freeman, J.B. (in press). The Dynamic Interactive Model approach to the perception of facial emotion. In R. Davidson, A. Shackman, A. Fox, & R. Lapate, The Nature of Emotion, 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press.

Brooks, J. A. & Freeman, J. B. (in press). The psychology and neuroscience of person perception. In J. Wixted, Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, 4th Edition. Wiley.

Cassidy, B.S., Sprout, G.T., Freeman, J.B., & Krendl, A.C. (in press). Looking the part (to me): Effects of racial prototypicality on race perception vary by prejudice. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Lazerus, T., Ingbretsen, Z., Stolier, R.M., Freeman, J.B., & Cikara, M. (in press). Positivity bias in judging in-group members' emotional expressions. Emotion.

Stolier, R.M. & Freeman, J.B. (in press). Functional and temporal considerations for top-down influences in social perception. Psychological Inquiry.

Stolier, R.M. & Freeman, J.B. (in press). Neural pattern similarity reveals the inherent intersection of social categories. Nature Neuroscience. [Supplementary Material]  [News & Views: 'Facing up to stereotypes']

Freeman, J.B. & Johnson, K.L. (in press). More than meets the eye: Split-second social perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Carpinella, C. M., Hehman, E., Freeman, J. B., Johnson, K. L. (in press). The gendered face of partisan politics: Consequences of facial sex-typicality for vote choice. Political Communication.

Chen, P.-H. A., Whalen, P. J., Freeman, J. B., Taylor, J. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (in press). Brain reward activity to masked in-group smiling faces predicts friendship development. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

Chen, P.-H. A., Heatherton, T. F., & Freeman, J. B. (in press). Brain-as-predictor approach: An alternative way to explore acculuration processes. In J. E. Warnick & D. Landis, Handbook of Intercultural Relations Neuroscience. Springer.

Freeman, J.B., Pauker, K., & Sanchez, D.T. (2016). A perceptual pathway to bias: Interracial exposure reduces abrupt shifts in real-time race perception that predict mixed-race bias. Psychological Science.  [Supplementary material]


Freeman, J.B., Ma, Y., Barth, M., Young, S.G., Han, S., & Ambady, N. (2015). The neural basis of contextual influences on social categorization. Cerebral Cortex, 25, 415-422.

Hehman, E., Flake, J. K, Freeman, J. B. (in press). Static and dynamic facial cues differentially impact the consistency of social evaluations. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin.

Hehman, E., Stolier, R. M., & Freeman, J. B. (in press). Advanced mouse-tracking analytic techniques for enhancing psychological science. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations [special issue on Statistical and Methodological Advances].

Mattek, A.M., Whalen, P.J., Berkowitz, J.L., & Freeman, J.B. (in press). Differential effects of cognitive load on subjective versus motor responses to ambiguously valenced facial expressions. Emotion.

Rule, N.O., Johnson, K.L., & Freeman, J.B. (in press). Evidence for the absence of stimulus quality differences in tests of the accuracy of sexual orientation judgments: A reply to Cox et al. (2015). Journal of Sex Research.

Stolier, R. M. & Freeman, J. B. (in press). The neuroscience of social vision. In J. Cloutier & J. R. Absher (eds.), Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition and Character: Traits and Mental States in the Brain. Elsevier.

Vinson, D.W., Abney, D.H., Amso, D., Chemero, T., Cutting, J.E., Dale, R., Freeman, J.B., Feldman, L.B., Friston, K., Gallagher, S., Jordan, J.S., Mudrik, L., Ondobaka, S., Richardson, D., Shams, L., Shiffrar, M., & Spivey, M. (in press). Perception, as you make it. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. [commentary on Firestone & Scholl]


Ambady, N. & Freeman, J. B. (2014). The cultural neuroscience of human perception. In M. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 5th Edition. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Cloutier, J., Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2014). Investigating the early stages of person perception: The asymmetry of social categorization by sex vs. age. PLoS ONE, 9, e84677.

Freeman, J. B., Stolier, R. M., Ingbretsen, Z.A., & Hehman, E. (2014). Amygdala responsivity to high-level social information from unseen faces. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 10573-10581.

Freeman, J. B. & Stolier, R. M. (2014). The medial prefrontal cortex in constructing personality models. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 571-572.

Freeman, J.B. (2014). Abrupt category shifts during real-time person perception. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21, 85-92.  [Supplementary material]

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2014). The dynamic interactive model of person construal: Coordinating sensory and social processes. In J. Sherman, B. Gawronski, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Dual Process Theories of the Social Mind. New York: Guilford Press.

Hehman, E., Ingbretsen, Z. A., & Freeman, J. B. (2014). The neural basis of stereotypic impact on multiple social categorization. NeuroImage, 101, 704-711.

Hehman, E., Carpinella, C. M., Johnson, K. L., Leitner, J. B., & Freeman, J. B. (2014). Early processing of gendered facial cues predicts the electoral success of female politicians. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 815-824. [Video]

Hehman, E., Leitner, J. B., Freeman, J. B. (2014). The face-time continuum: Lifespan changes in facial width-to-height ratio impact aging-associated perceptions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 1624-1636.

Powers, K.E., Worsham, A.L., Freeman, J.B., Wheatley, T., & Heatherton, T. F. (2014). Social connection modulates perceptions of animacy. Psychological Science, 25, 1943-1948.

Rule, N. O., Tskhay, T., Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2014). On the interactive influence of facial appearance and explicit knowledge in social categorization. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 529-535.


Freeman, J.B. (2013). Within-cultural variation and the scope of cultural neuroscience. [Commentary on Chiao et al.]. Psychological Inquiry, 24, 26-30.

Freeman, J.B., Ma, Y., Han, S., & Ambady, N. (2013). Influences of culture and visual context on real-time social categorization. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 206-210.   [Supplementary material]

Freeman, J.B. & Dale, R. (2013). Assessing bimodality to detect the presence of a dual cognitive process. Behavior Research Methods, 45, 83-97.

Freeman, J.B., Nakayama, K., & Ambady, N. (2013). Finger in flight reveals parallel categorization across multiple social dimensions. Social Cognition, 31, 792-805.

Pauker, K., Ambady, N., & Freeman, J.B. (2013). The power of identity to motivate face memory in biracial individuals. Social Cognition, 31, 780-791.

Pfister, R., Schwarz, K.A., Janczyk, M., Dale, R., & Freeman, J. B. (2013). Good things peak in pairs: A note on the bimodality coefficient. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 700.

Rule, N.O., Freeman, J.B., & Ambady, N. (2013). Culture in Social Neuroscience: A Review. Social Neuroscience, 8, 3-10.


Farmer, T.A., Anderson, S.E., Freeman, J.B., & Dale, R. (2012). Coordinating motor actions and language. In P. Pyykkonen & M. W. Crocker (Eds.), Visually Situated Language Comprehension. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Freeman, J.B., Johnson, K.L., Adams, R.B., & Ambady, N. (2012). The social-sensory interface: Category interactions in person perception. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6, e81.

Johnson, K.L., Freeman, J.B., & Pauker, K. (2012). Race is gendered: How covarying phenotypes and stereotypes bias sex categorization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 116-131.

Rule, N.O., Adams, R.B., Ambady, N., & Freeman, J.B. (2012). Perceptions of dominance following glimpses of faces and bodies. Perception, 41, 687-706.


Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2011). A dynamic interactive theory of person construal. Psychological Review, 118, 247-279.

Freeman, J.B., Ambady, N., Midgley, K.J., & Holcomb, P.J. (2011). The real-time link between person perception and action: Brain potential evidence for dynamic continuity. Social Neuroscience, 6, 139-155.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2011). Hand movements reveal the time-course of shape and pigmentation processing in face categorization. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18, 705-712.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2011). When two become one: Temporally dynamic integration of the face and voice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 259-263.    [Supplementary materials]

Freeman, J.B., Penner, A.M., Saperstein, A., Scheutz, M., & Ambady, N. (2011). Looking the part: Social status cues shape race perception. PLoS ONE, 6, e25107.  [HTML] [Video]

Freeman, J.B., Dale, R., & Farmer, T.A. (2011). Hand in motion reveals mind in motion. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 59.

Rule, N.O., Freeman, J.B., & Ambady, N. (2011). Brain and behavior in cultural context: Insights from cognition, perception, and emotion. In S. Han & E. Poeppel (Eds.) Culture and identity: Neural frames of social cognition. New York: Springer.

Rule N.O., Moran J.M., Freeman J.B., Gabrieli J.D.E., Whitfield-Gabrieli S., & Ambady N. (2011). Face value: Amygdala response reflects the validity of first impressions. NeuroImage, 54, 734-741.


Adams, R.B., Franklin, R., Rule, N.O., Freeman, J.B., Kveraga, K., Hadjikhani, N., Yoshikawa, S., & Ambady, N. (2010). Culture, gaze, and the neural processing of fear expressions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5, 340-348.

Freeman, J.B., Rule, N.O., Adams, R.B., Jr., & Ambady, N. (2010). The neural basis of categorical face perception: Graded representations of face gender in fusiform and orbitofrontal cortices. Cerebral Cortex, 20, 1314-1322.

Freeman, J.B., Johnson, K.L., Ambady, N., & Rule, N.O. (2010). Sexual orientation perception involves gendered facial cues. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1318-1331.

Freeman, J.B., Schiller, D., Rule, N.O., & Ambady, N. (2010). The neural origins of superficial and individuated judgments about ingroup and outgroup members. Human Brain Mapping, 31, 150-159.

Freeman, J.B., Pauker, K., Apfelbaum, E.P., & Ambady, N. (2010). Continuous dynamics in the real-time perception of race. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 179-185.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2010). MouseTracker: Software for studying real-time mental processing using a computer mouse-tracking method. Behavior Research Methods, 42, 226-241.

Freeman, J.B., Ambady, N., & Holcomb, P.J. (2010). The face-sensitive N170 encodes social category information. NeuroReport, 21, 24-28.

Johnson, K.L. & Freeman, J.B. (2010). A "New Look" at person construal: Seeing beyond dominance and discreteness. In E. Balcetis & D. Lassiter (Eds.) The Social Psychology of Visual Perception. New York: Psychology Press.

Rule, N.O., Freeman, J.B., Moran, J.M., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Adams, R.B., & Ambady, N. (2010). Voting behavior is reflected in amygdala response across cultures. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5, 349-355.


Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2009). Motions of the hand expose the partial and parallel activation of stereotypes. Psychological Science, 20, 1183-1188.

Freeman, J.B., Rule, N.O., Adams, R.B., Jr., & Ambady, N. (2009). Culture shapes a mesolimbic response to signals of dominance and subordination that associates with behavior. NeuroImage, 47, 353-359.

Freeman, J.B., Rule, N.O., & Ambady, N. (2009). The cultural neuroscience of person perception. Progress in Brain Research, 178, 191-201.

Schiller, D., Freeman, J.B., Mitchell, J.P., Uleman, J.S., & Phelps, E.A. (2009). A neural mechanism of first impressions. Nature Neuroscience, 12, 508-514.


Freeman, J.B., Ambady, N., Rule, N.O., & Johnson, K.L. (2008). Will a category cue attract you? Motor output reveals dynamic competition across person construal. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 673-690.


Cartoon illustration at top-right by Danielle Laurenti.