Carrasco, M., McElree, B., Denisova, K., & Giordano, A.M. (2003). Speed of visual processing increases with eccentricity. Nature Neuroscience , doi:10.1038/nn1079, http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/dynapage.taf?file=/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/index.html

Abstract
The visual system has a duplex design to meet conflicting environmental demands: the fovea has the resolution required to process fine spatial information, but the periphery is more sensitive to temporal properties1-3. To investigate whether the periphery's sensitivity is partly due to the speed with which information is processed, we measured the full timecourse of visual information processing by deriving joint measures of discriminability and speed, and found that speed of information processing varies with eccentricity: processing was faster when same-size stimuli appeared at 9 than 4 eccentricity, and this difference was attenuated when the 9 stimuli were magnified to equate cortical representation size. At the same eccentricity, larger stimuli are processed more slowly. These temporal differences are greater than expected from neurophysiological constraints4-6.